Validating national curriculum indicators

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Therefore, the term curriculum as used in this chapter (and generally throughout the report) refers primarily to the subject matter, the content of the curriculum.In mathematics and science, this includes theories, facts, algorithms, concepts, methods of inquiry, and procedural knowledge.Classroom behavior is inseparable from curricu- lum.By providing incentives that stimulate effective teaching and learning, or by creating constraints on study and understanding, the curriculum affects the choices of students and teachers in every c Iass- room.In the committee's view, it is important to have indicators of all three of these forms of the curriculum, since they would provide substantially different information and might be used to answer different policy questions.The intended curriculum itself takes on many different expres- sions.Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Prescriptions for attainment for each year of school would generate the kinds of Tockstep curricula that constrain the creativity of teachers and are likely to lead to mediocrity.Using data from a National Science Foundation Teacher Enhancement program…Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book.As states become more active in school reform and assessment, state guidelines can be expected to play an impor- tant role in an increasing number of states.Regarding the second aspect of the intended curriculum, there is much research evidence that the content of textbooks importantly influences the content presented to the student (Goldstein, 1978; Stake and Eas Tey, 1978; 122 INDICATORS OF SCIENCE AND MATNEMA TICS EDUCATION Goodiad, 1984~.

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